When puppies beginning to eat solid foods along with their mother’s milk, this process called weaning.
In wild dogs it proceeds in a natural process as the growing f the puppies.
When their parents bring home the food they become interested in the smells and the amount of milk which their mother produces gradually decreasing.
But with domestic dog puppies, you will need to help out.
When puppies are three to four weeks old most experienced breeders begin the weaning process.
This is also about the time the puppies‘ teeth are beginning to appear and in that time usually their mother is being happy to nurse them less as a consequence.
You have to ensure that your puppies are getting the best nutrition along with your careful helping with your puppies weaning process.
It can badly affect how long the puppy will live, its adult appearance and even its health, if it doesn’t get the proper nutrition during its development.
So here are some few tips to help your puppy with weaning.
For the very young puppies, you should soak the commercial dry puppy food for about half hour prior so it will be soft when it served.
To form a porridge-like consistency you need to mix it, and to achieve a nice consistency for lapping you need to ensure that sufficient water is added.
For a very smooth texture you can use a blender.
Keep the food at the body temperature by making sure it’s neither too cold nor too hot, that’s how puppies prefer it.
You can add less water as the puppies get older for a firmer consistency.
Also, you may need to encourage the individual puppies by placing some of the food on the end of your finger and allowing them to either suck or lick.
Don’t Add Mineral Supplements or Vitamin to Complete Puppy Food
Don’t add minerals or vitamins to an already complete puppy food unless the veterinary has diagnosed any deficiency.
I’m serious, because this can turn the calcium to phosphorous ratio and result in skeletal problems such as osteochondritis and osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD).
Often and Little
Remember that puppies have very small stomachs, so you need to feed them little and often.
When weaning, the normal are four meals per day. Be careful to over-feed, this can cause diarrhoea.
Also over nutrition increases the risk of developmental orthopaedic conditions.
Monitoring and Identification
You can’t monitor progress unless you are able to identify all of the puppies. Keep a record of the puppies’ weights and the feeding volumes so that you can identify any problems quickly.